70 AD – Climaxing the First Jewish-Roman War, forces under Roman Emperor Titus sack Jerusalem. Judea would remain under Roman control for over 550 years until Jerusalem was captured by the Islamic Rashidun Caliphate in 637.
1504 – Michelangelo's 17-foot sculpture of David is unveiled outside the Palazzo della Signoria in Florence, Italy. It has been located at the Accademia Gallery, also in Florence, since 1873.
1565 – Outnumbered by as much as five-to-one, the Knights Hospitaller -- a Christian military order similar to the Templars -- turned back the Islamic Ottoman Empire's attempted siege on Malta in southern Europe.
1863 – At the mouth of the Sabine River on the Texas-Louisiana border, a small Confederate force thwarted the Federal invasion of Texas at the Second Battle of Sabine Pass.
1892 – The original Pledge of Allegiance is first published in The Youth's Companion as part of the celebration of Columbus Day: "I pledge allegiance to my flag and the republic for which it stands: one nation indivisible with liberty and justice for all." The Pledge would be revised four times until finally settled upon by President Eisenhower in 1954.
1968 – The Beatles perform "Hey Jude" (pictured above) on The David Frost Show for their final performance on live television.
1975 – U.S. Air Force Technical Sergeant [E-6] Leonard Matlovich appeared in uniform on the cover of Time magazine with the headline, "I Am A Homosexual." Matlovich was later given a general discharge for his cover story. He died of complications from HIV/AIDS on June 22, 1988.